Guidelines for Chinese, Japanese, and Korean names

Authors may insert the respective characters so their names will also be displayed in Chinese, Japanese or Korean by following the instructions below. Authors should proof the PDF of the manuscript as produced by the Peer X-Press system on first submission to ensure that the manuscript files have been processed correctly. In addition, it is essential that authors check carefully any production proofs received prior to the publication of the paper.


The following font styles will be used when typesetting Chinese, Japanese, or Korean characters in the final publication:

  • Simplified Chinese: SongMT
  • Traditional Chinese: SungMT
  • Japanese: MS Mincho
  • Korean: Batang

Preparing for submission

Microsoft Word

If you are submitting in Microsoft Word, simply add the characters in parentheses after the name of each author who would like to have their name shown in their own language. To avoid potential problems, please use standard Microsoft fonts for the characters.

TeX Submissions

If you use TeX to prepare your manuscript, you will need to use REVTeX 4 and the CJK language package for LaTeX. Installing the CJK package can be quite difficult so it is best to use a TeX distribution (such as TeXLive) that has it pre-installed.

Once the CJK package is properly installed, you will need to use the package to select an encoding and a font to use. The CJK markup should be as follows:

  • Put \usepackage{CJK} after the \documentclass line
  • \begin{CJK*}{<Encoding>}{<fontfamily>} after the \begin{document} line
  • \end{CJK*} after the \maketitle line.

For example:




\begin{CJK*}{GB}{} % Use default fonts from CJK (see below)

\title{Title of Paper}

\author{Your Name (characters)}

\affiliation{Your affiliation}




The following encodings from the CJK package are supported:

  • Chinese: GB, Big5, and UTF 8
  • Japanese: JIS, SJIS (Shift-JIS), and UTF 8
  • Korean: KS and UTF8

Because the Big5 and Shift-JIS encodings use some reserved TeX characters, care must be taken to process files using these encodings (see the CJK package documentation). Files may be prepared using any of the fonts found in the CJK installation as well as the Cyberbit font for UTF 8 encodings. Please select one of the standard fonts from the distribution. Because CJK installations can vary by how the fonts are actually named and installed, it is safest to leave the font family argument empty and let the TeX installation use its default font for that encoding:


Please be sure to check the PDF produced by the submission software to ensure that the Chinese, Japanese, or Korean characters were processed correctly.
Note that if you are using UTF-8, you may need to use the \CJKfamily macro when processing the file on your local machine. If using TeXLive and UTF8 as the input encoding, one of the following \CJKfamily macros should be inserted right before the CJK name:

  • for simplified Chinese: \CJKfamily{gbsn}
  • for traditional Chinese: \CJKfamily{bsmi}
  • for Japanese: \CJKfamily{min}
  • for Korean: \CJKfamily{mj}

It’s possible to call \CJKfamily more than once in case this should be necessary (for example, to properly insert a Japanese name and then a Korean name). Before the final submission, all \CJKfamily macro calls should be commented out.